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Extrusion of Debris from Primary Molar Root Canals following Instrumentation with Traditional and New File Systems

B. Thakur, A.M. Pawar, A. Kfir, P. Neelakantan

Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice. 2017 Nov 1;18(11):1040-1044.


INTRODUCTION: To assess the amount of debris extruded apically during instrumentation of distal canals of extracted primary molars by three instrument systems [ProTaper Universal (PTU), ProTaper NEXT (PTN), and self-adjusting file (SAF)] compared with conventional stainless steel hand K-files (HF, control).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary mandibular molars (n = 120) with a single distal canal were selected and randomly divided into four groups (n = 30) for root canal instrumentation using group I, HF (to size 0.30/0.02 taper), group II, PTU (to size F3), group III, PTN (to size X3), and group IV, SAF. Debris extruded during instrumentation was collected in preweighed Eppendorf tubes, stored in an incubator at 70°C for 5 days and then weighed. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Turkey's post hoc test (p = 0.05).

RESULTS: All the groups resulted in extrusion of debris. There was statistically significant difference (p < 0.001) in the debris extrusion between the three groups: HF (0.00133 ± 0.00012), PTU (0.00109 ± 0.00005), PTN (0.00052 ± 0.00008), and SAF (0.00026 ± 0.00004).

CONCLUSION: Instrumentation with SAF resulted in the least debris extrusion when used for shaping root canals of primary molar teeth.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Debris extrusion in primary teeth poses an adverse effect on the stem cells and may also alter the permanent dental germ. Debris extrusion is rarely reported for primary teeth and it is important for the clinician to know which endodontic instrumentation leads to less extrusion of debris.


The full article is available for free on ResearchGate:

thakur debris extrusion 2017 jcdp



View abstract on PubMed. PMID: 29109318
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