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Biomechanical Preparation in Primary Molars Using Manual and Three NiTi Instruments: a Cone-Beam-Computed Tomographic in vitro Study

A. Manker, M. Solanki, A. Tripathi, M.L. Jain

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2019 Sep 5 [Epub ahead of publication]



PURPOSE: To evaluate nickel-titanium rotary systems, ProTaper Universal (PTU), ProTaper Next (PTN), self-adjusting file (SAF), and stainless steel hand K files in deciduous root canals in longitudinal and horizontal sections by three-dimensional reconstruction. Whether there was any difference in shaping ability, transportation, dentine removal, untouched canal surface area, and preparation time among the different groups when used in primary root canals.

METHODS: Shaping and cleaning of canals in primary molars were done using the four systems, and CBCT and specialized software were used for scanning, image processing, three-dimensional reconstruction, and analysis of pre-operative and post-operative to evaluate the groups for their shaping properties, transportation, amount of dentine removal, untouched canal surface area, and preparation time in primary root canals.

RESULTS: None of the groups reported stripping of canals or instrument failure. SAF demonstrated less removal of dentine as compared to other groups. Hand K files presented with high untouched canal surface area, while it was least with SAF. In addition, rotary files provided faster preparation than hand files, and among the rotary systems, PTN took least time for cleaning and shaping of canals. All the groups were similar in transportation at cervical and apical third.

CONCLUSION: Under the conditions of this study, SAF seemed to result in more conservative and meticulous removal of dentine. This is desirable to preserve the integrity of thin-walled primary root canals. SAF also showed less untouched canal areas suggesting better contact with the primary canal walls. The rotary file groups required less clinical time which is important in paediatric treatments.


The full article is available on the website of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry:

manker jain shaping primary molars 2019 pediatric


View abstract on PubMed. PMID: 31489569
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